|Grand Central Station--designed (and redesigned) for busy.
|The old Grand Central Depot was designed for steam locomotives. Its 1903 replacement handled only electric.
|In that both stations had much of their "guts" underground, the massive excavations needed to construct the all-important passenger platforms could only have been accomplished through the arrival of the William Otis steam shovel in 1839.
|By the early years of the 20th-century, the automobile had come to dictate the layout, if not the facade, of Grand Central Station as much as the unseen "electric trains" below.
|New York City's Penn Station was named for the Pennsylvania Railroad, it's builder and original tenant.
|About ten block and 55 years now
separate the two transportation
landmarks. A tail of two terminals
"Any city gets what it admires, will pay for, and, ultimately, deserves. Even when we had Penn Station, we couldn’t afford to keep it clean. We want and deserve tin-can archi-tecture in a tinhorn culture. And we will probably be judged not by the monuments we build but by those we have destroyed."