|Johannes Itten's color sphere.
|Johannes Itten's "simplified" color wheel, (1961)
|During the early 1700s, Newton's color theories triggered something of a cottage
industry in color charts based upon Newton's wheel.
|Chevreul's color wheel. Imagine trying to
explain color without using color.
|During the 1800s, there seemed to be a race to see who could create the most convoluted color wheel. Goethe, (lower left corner) tried to simplify the whole genre. At first glance, it would seem he succeeded. At second glance...not so much.
|Johannes Itten, 1913,
possibly a self-portrait.
|Color wheels of the late 1800s, state of the art until Itten came along.
|Itten's color theories were built upon the work of Adolph Hoelzel.
|Even Itten's abstract paintings continued to involve color relationships.