The time was the 1930s. Life, even in this country, was not easy. At first, somewhat like fish out of water, they were a bit muddled. However, gradually they integrated themselves into the New York world of art. They were men like Andre Breton, Salvadore Dali, Fernand Leger, Piet Mondrian, and Max Ernst. Here they found a number of earlier emigres such as Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Hans Hoffman, and Arshile Gorky. They also joined their American counterparts in a sort of loose, intellectual alliance and survived as best they could, more or less waiting out the war. However, even during the war, quietly, anonymously, some of the first Abstract Expressionist paintings were being committed to canvas. Quite possibly bearing the honor of being the first Abstract Expressionist was Arshile Gorky.
|The Liver is the Cock's Comb,|
1944, Arshile Gorky