|Van Gogh, Self-Portrait with |
Straw Hat, 1887-88
1895, Paul Cezanne
|Self-Portrait, 1886, Claude Monet|
"establishment" in 1900, so well-launched was his Impressionism by that time. His influence was not so much in France but on the international scene, anywhere artists still painted landscapes, he was like a god. Cezanne, on the other hand is considered the father of modern art and rightly so. Without a Cezanne there would not have been a Picasso, a Duchamp, a Rouault, a Kandinsky, or a Mondrian (at least not in the form we know them). His daring flirtations with abstract masses, paralleling those of Monet in color, made possible the main body of what we have come to recognize as twentieth century painting. These three artists not only paved the road for the others but pointed it in the direction art would take for the next fifty years.