|Six-Winged Seraph, 1904, Mikhail Vrubel|
|Ivan Morozov, 1911, Valentin Serov|
|Sergei Shchukin, 1915, Cornelius Krohn|
Largely responsible for launching Russian art into the realm of modern art were two wealthy Moscow collectors, Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov. Shchukin had over 200 French paintings from the late nineteenth century in his home, and over fifty more by Matisse and Picasso alone. Shchukin even allowed them privately furnished rooms in his home where they stayed when they visited the city. Morozov's collection tended toward Post-Impressionism. In the absence of great art museums in the city, both men opened their homes to the public every Saturday. They became meccas for art students to study and meet one another. Moreover, had not the reality of war, defeat, and political upheaval intruded, Moscow or St. Petersburg might have come to rival Paris as the eye of the European art hurricane.