|The Crucifixion, ca. 1300, Giotto|
|Crucifix, ca. 1200, Master Guglielmo|
|The Alexamenos Graffito, 2/3rd c. |
CE, tracing of the drawing
|Crucifix of Santa Maria Novella, |
1290-1300, Giotto di Bondone
|Holy Trinity, 1425, Masaccio|
|Crucifixion, 1455-60, Andrea Mantegna|
|Christ on the Cross, 1541, Michelangelo|
|Crucifixion with Centurion, 1538, |
Lucas Cranach (the elder).
|Isenheim Altarpiece Crucifixion, 1510-15, Mathias Grunewald|
|Crucifixion, 1622, Anthony van Dyck|
|Christ on the Cross with the two|
Marys and St. John, El Greco
|The Crucifixion of Christ, Tintoretto|
|The Crucifixion, 1632,|
The Spanish artist, Diego Velasquez moves to the opposite extreme in his straight-forward, highly simplified, 1632 depiction of The Crucifixion (left). Rembrandt, on the other hand, though also Dutch, is much more subdued in his handling of the very same subject (below, left). The figure in the background wearing a turban is Rembrandt himself, who, because of his sins, is symbolically taking responsibility for Christ's death. Far more Baroque, the Dutch artist, Peter Paul Rubens overwhelms us with brute force in his muscular Raising of the Cross (below, right), also dating from the early 1600s.
|Crucifixion, 1633, Rembrandt, includes|
a self-portrait in the background.
|Raising of the Cross (center panel),|
1610-11, Peter Paul Rubens
|Flagellation, 1880, Bouguereau,|
Active violence was more "Romantic."
|Sketch of Christ on the Cross, |
|Pieta, 1876, Gustave Moreau|
|White Crucifixion, 1938, Marc Chagall|
|Crucifixion, 1954, Salvador Dali|
|Christ of St. John on the Cross,|
1951, Salvador Dali
During the 1950s, the Spanish surrealist artist, Salvador Dali took the crucifixion and made it his own as seen in his Crucifixion, (above, left) from 1954 as seen in his own brand of exquisitely rendered, strangely supernatural Surrealism. Perhaps his most powerful piece, Christ of St. John on the Cross (above, right), gives us a "God's eye" view of Christ's suffering. Whether with paint on canvas or on paper, Dali explored the crucifixion like no other artist before or since. From the same point of view, the famous Riker's Island Crucifixion (below), was donated by the artist in 1965 after he had to cancel a lecture and demonstration there. For many years, it was displayed in the New York City prison.
|Riker's Island Crucifixion, 1965, Salvador Dali|