|Death of Viriatus, Chief of the Lusitanians, |
1806, Jose de Madrazo Y Agudo
|Portrait of Woman, |
Jose de Madrazo y Agudo
|The patriarch of three generations of Spanish painters.|
Jose de Madrazo y Agundo was born in Santander, on the north coast of Spain in 1781. His two sons, also painters were Federico and Luis, born in 1815 and 1825 Respectively. Federico's sons, Raimundo and Ricardo were also accomplished artists. The sons and grandsons all went by the name de Madrazo. Thus, for the sake of simplicity, I shall use de Madrazo as well. He began his training at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid between 1797 and 1801. He had as a teacher Gregorio Ferro. He finished his education, thanks to a royal grant, in Paris, around 1803 in the workshop of Jacques-Louis David, where he med and befriended another of David's students, Jean-Auguste- Dominique Ingres. In Paris, in 1803, he tasted his first success with Jesus in the house of Annas (below), clearly under the influence of David.
|De Madrazo's religious works are among his best.|
|Portrait of Fernando VII, 1820, Jose de Madrazo y Agudo|
In 1813 de Madrazo was appointed court painter of Carlos IV, and later, Academician of Merit of the Academy of San Lucas. Both positions were largely honorary in that the king was in exile at the time. During his Roman years de Madrazo's production was almost exclusively portraits, especially of artists and nobles of the society of the eternal city. Upon his return to Spain in 1818, he gained a great deal of prestige in artistic circles, with the fall of Napoleon I and the coming to power of Ferdinand VII. On a very different note is de Madrazo's monumental Portrait of Fernando VII, on Horseback (above), from 1821. The Prado also has de Madrazo's Self-portrait dating from the 1840s and the allegorical Divine Love and Profane Love (below), from 1813.
|Divine Love and Profane Love, 1813, Jose de Madrazo Y Agudo|
|Man in Prayer, 1812, Jose y Agudo|