|The Florence Baptistery with the Duomo in the background.|
|One of Pisano's panels, The Baptism of Jesus.|
The church had discontinued immersion by
that time. This panel is less medieval in style
than many of his others.
|Andrea Pisano's 1336 baptistery doors.|
|Lorenzo Ghiberti Self-portrait,|
For some reason I've never been able to discern, the baptistery was built first (though two earlier, smaller churches date from around the time of its construction, 1059-1128). Next came Giotto's campanile, completed by Andrea Pisano in 1359; followed by the current cathedral (dedicated in 1436, though the façade was not completed until 1887). Pisano, in fact, was responsible for the first set of baptistery doors (the east doors, completed in 1336, later moved to the south side). Stylistically they vary from Medieval to what's been called "Proto-Renaissance" but that's of little importance, adding trivia to the trivial. The important thing is that their Gothic quatrefoil panels (above) dictated the format for Ghiberti, and his nearest rival, Brunelleschi to follow as they competed for the commission to make the north doors. Ghiberti won.
|Ghiberti's north doors, 1401-25. The Renaissance was off and running.|
|The Story of Joseph, Lorenzo Ghiberti, panel from the east doors, 1427-55--a biblical narrative in bronze, considered Ghiberti's best work.|
copyright, Jim Lane
The Gates of Paradise, 1425-53, Lorenzo Ghiberti.
|St. John the Baptist, 1413,|
|St. Matthew, 1419-20,|
|St. Stephen, 1428, Lorenzo Ghiberti|